On-diagonal oscillation of the heat kernels on p.c.f. self-similar fractals

Stochastic Analysis Seminar Series

It is a general belief that the heat kernels on fractals should exhibit highly oscillatory behaviours as opposed to the classical case of Riemannian manifolds.

For example, on a class of finitely ramified fractals, called (affine) nested fractals, a canonical ``Brownian motion" has been constructed and its transition density (heat kernel) $p_{t}(x,y)$ satisfies $c_{1} \leq t^{d_{s}/2} p_{t}(x,x) \leq c_{2}$ for $t \leq 1$ for any point $x$ of the fractal; here $d_{s}$ is the so-called spectral dimension. Then it is natural to ask whether the limit of this quantity as $t$ goes to 0 exists or not, and it has been conjectured NOT to exist by many people.

In this talk, I will present partial affirmative answers to this conjecture. First, for a general (affine) nested fractal, the non-existence of the limit is shown to be true for a ``generic" (in particular, almost every) point. Secondly, the same is shown to be valid for ANY point of the fractal in the particular cases of the $d$-dimensional standard Sierpinski gasket with $d\geq 2$ and of the $N$-polygasket with $N\geq 3$ odd, e.g. the pentagasket ($N=5$) and the heptagasket ($N=7$).


Naotaka Kajino (Bielefeld University)

Monday, February 20, 2012 - 14:15
to 15:15