Random FBSDEs: Burgers SPDEs, Rational Expectations / Consol Rate Models, Control for Large Investors, and Stochastic Viscosity Solutions

Stochastic Analysis Seminar Series

Burgers equation is a quasilinear partial differential equation (PDE), proposed in 1930's to model the evolution of turbulent fluid motion, which can be linearized to the heat equation via the celebrated Cole-Hopf transformation. In the first part of the talk, we study in detail general versions of stochastic Burgers equation with random coefficients, in both forward and backward sense. Concerning the former, the Cole-Hopf transformation still applies and we reduce a forward stochastic Burgers equation to a forward stochastic heat equation that can be treated in a “pathwise" manner. In case of deterministic coefficients, we obtain a probabilistic representation of the Cole-Hopf transformation by associating the backward Burgers equation with a system of forward-backward stochastic differential equations (FBSDEs). Returning to random coefficients, we exploit this representation in order to establish a stochastic version of the Cole-Hopf transformation. This generalized transformation allows us to find solutions to a backward stochastic Burgers equation through a backward stochastic heat equation, subject to additional constraints that reflect the presence of randomness in the coefficients. In both settings, forward and backward, stochastic Feynman-Kac formulae are derived for the solutions of the respective stochastic Burgers equations, as well. Finally, an application that illustrates the obtained results is presented to a pricing/hedging problem arising from mathematical finance. In the second part of the talk, we study a class of stochastic saddlepoint systems, represented by fully coupled FBSDEs with infinite horizon, that gives rise to a continuous time rational expectations / consol rate model with random coefficients. Under standard Lipschitz and monotonicity conditions, and by means of the contraction mapping principle, we establish existence, uniqueness and dependence on a parameter of adapted solutions. Making further the connection with quasilinear backward stochastic PDEs (BSPDEs), we are led to the notion of stochastic viscosity solutions. A stochastic maximum principle for the optimal control problem of a large investor is also provided as an application to this framework. 

A joint work with N. Frangos, X.- I. Kartala and A. N. Yannacopoulos*


Nikolaos Englezos (University of Piraeus)

Monday, March 11, 2013 - 15:45
to 16:45